Barbara Gray

Professor Emerita of Organizational Behavior
Department: Management and Organization
Office: 428 Business Building
Phone: 814-865-1789
Fax: 814-863-7261
Member of Faculty Since: 1979


Dr. Barbara Gray is a Professor of Organizational Behavior & Smeal Executive Programs Faculty Fellow, Emerita at The Pennsylvania State University. From 1991-2013 she also served as Director of the Center for Research in Conflict and Negotiation in the Smeal College. She received her Ph.D. in Organizational Behavior from Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio in 1979. Dr. Gray has held the following visiting positions: Visiting Scholar at the Harvard Law School's Program on Negotiation during 1987-88, Visiting Faculty, the Katholicke Universiteit Leuven in 1997, TVA Fellow at The Darden School, University of Virginia in 1998, Boer & Croon Chaired Professor at the TIAS Business School, Tilburg University in 2004 and the Bella van Zuylen Chair at Utrecht University in 2008. Dr. Gray is also a trained mediator and consults to organizations about conflict management and collaboration.

Dr. Gray has written four books: Collaborating for Our Future (Oxford U. Press, 2017, with Jill Purdy); Making Sense of Intractable Environmental Conflicts: Concepts and cases (with Roy Lewicki & Michael Elliott, Island Press, 2003); International Joint Ventures: Economic and organizational perspectives (with Kalyan Chatterjee, Kluwer, 1995); and Collaborating: Finding common ground for multiparty problems (Jossey-Bass, 1989). She has over 100 publications including articles in Administrative Sciences Quarterly, Academy of Management Review, Academy of Management Journal, Organization Science, Organization Studies, Human Relations, Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, Journal of Management and Journal of Management Inquiry. In 2013, with Jenna Stites, she completed the systematic review, Advancing Sustainable Business through Multi-sector “Collaborative” Partnerships (for the Network for Business Sustainability), She has received two NSF grants to study environmental and transdisciplinary team conflicts as well as numerous other grants. In 2016 she received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Cross-Sector Partnerships Conference for her research on multi-party collaboration.

Current Research

Dr. Gray's research interests include multiparty collaborative alliances, evolution of institutional fields, environmental conflict, sustainability, framing and social class inequality in organizations. She is currently studying the promises and perils of the field of human genomics (with Forrest Briscoe).


Conflict and Negotiation
Cross-Sectoral Collaboration
Environmental and Diversity-Related Disputes
Interorganizational Relations
Team Conflict

Publication List

Gray, B., Purdy, J. & Ansari, S., "From interactions to institutions: Microprocesses of framing and mechanisms for structuring institutional fields.", Academy of Management Review, 2015, 40(1), 115-143.

Ren, H., Gray, B. & Harrison, D.A., "Triggering Faultline Effects in Teams: The Importance of Bridging Friendship Ties and Breaching Animosity Ties", Organization Science, 2015, 26(2), 390-404.

Gray, B. & Ren. H., "The importance of joint schemas and brokers in promoting collaboration for innovation.", In C. Ansell & J. Torfing (Eds.), Public Innovation through Collaboration and Design. London: Routledge, 2014, 26(2), 125-147.

Gray, B. & Kish-Gephart, J., "Encountering social class differences at work: How ‘class work’ perpetuates inequality.", Academy of Management Review, 2013, 38, 670-699.

Ansari, S., Wijen, F. & Gray, B., "Constructing a Climate Change Logic: An Institutional Perspective on the ‘Tragedy of the Commons.'", Organization Science, 2013, 24(2), 1014-1040.

Gray, B. & Wondolleck, J., "Environmental Negotiations: Past, present and future prospects.", In Olekans, M. & Adair, W. (Eds.), Handbook of Research in Negotiations., 2013, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar, 445-472.

Purdy, J. & Gray, B., "Conflicting logics, mechanisms of diffusion and multilevel dynamics in emerging institutional fields.", Academy of Management Journal, 2009, 52(2), 355-380.

Dewulf, A., Gray, B., Putman, L., Aarts, N., Lewicki, R., Bouwen, R., & van Woerkum, C., "Disentangling Approaches to Framing: A metaparadigmatic perspective.", Human Relations, 2009, 62(2), 155-193.

Ren, H. & Gray, B., "Repairing Relationship conflict: How violation types and culture determine appropriate restoration rituals.", Academy of Management Review, 2009, 34(1), 105-127.

Brummans, B. H. J. M., Putnam, L. L., Gray, B., Hanke, R., Lewicki, R. J., & Wiethoff, C., "Making Sense of Intractable Multiparty Conflict: A study of framing in four environmental disputes.", Communication Monographs, 2008, 75(1), 25-51.

Gray, B., "Enhancing Transdisciplinary Research through Collaborative Leadership.", American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2008, 35 2S, S124-S132.

Gray, B., Coleman, P. & Putman, L., "Intractable Conflicts: New perspectives on the causes and conditions for change.", American Behavioral Scientist, 2007, 50(10), 1-15.

Gray, B., "Strong Opposition: Frame-based resistance to collaboration.", J. Community and Applied Social Psychology, 2004, 14(3), 166-176.

Mollica, K., Gray, B., & Trevino, L., "The Persistence of Race Homophily among Newcomers in a Culturally-Diverse Setting: A longitudinal network study.", Organization Science, 2003, 15(3), 136-151.

LaBianca, G., Gray, B., & Brass, D., "A Grounded Model of Organizational Schema Change during Empowerment.", Organization Science, 2000, 11(2), 235-257.

Labianca, G., D. Brass, and B. Gray, "Social Networks and Perceptions of Intergroup Conflict: The role of negative relationships and third parties.", Academy of Management Journal, 1998, 41(1), 55-67.


Editorial Board Member, Academy of Management Journal, 2004-present

Editorial Board Member, Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 2005-present (previously Assoc. Editor)

Several special issue editorships for JABS, American Behavioral Scientist and Organization Studies.


Ph.D., Organizational Behavior, Case Western Reserve University, 1979

Secondary Education Certification, Secondary Education, Cleveland State University, 1971

B.S., Chemistry, University of Dayton, 1968


Mgmt. 592, Qualitative Research Methods

Mgmt. 520, Team Facilitation

Mgmt. 521, Complex Negotiations

BA 502, Team Dynamics and Performance