Professor of Management & Organization
Department: Management and Organization
Office: 438 Business Building
Member of Faculty Since: 2012
Aparna Joshi 's work focuses on multilevel issues in workplace diversity, gender issues in science an engineering, collaboration in global and distributed teams, generational issues in the workplace, and international and cross-cultural management. Her work in the area of gender dynamics in engineering work groups was recently awarded a National Science Foundation grant. Her research appears in the, Administrative Science Quarterly, Academy of Management Review, Academy of Management Journal, Journal of Applied Psychology, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, and Organization Science. Aparna’s work has received the Academy of Management’s Saroj Parasuraman Award in 2010, the Dorothy Harlow Distinguished Paper Award in 2006 and 2008, the Ulrich-Lake Award for Outstanding Contribution to the Human Resource Management Journal, and the Academy of Management’s Best Dissertation Award (Gender and Diversity in Organizations division) and has also been featured in the Cincinnati Enquirer, USA Today, and the Times of India. Prior to joining Smeal she was on the faculty of the University of Illinois, Champaign-Urbana. She has served on the editorial boards of the Academy of Management Journal and Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes and is currently an Associate Editor for the Academy of Management Journal. She was awarded the 2014 Cummings Award for Early to Mid-Career Scholarly Achievement, one of the highest professional honors in the field, by the Organizational Behavior Division of the Academy of Management.
Professor Joshi's current research has identified mechanisms explaining persistent gender inequity across a number of contexts. Her recently published work identifies the barriers to effectively identifying and using the expertise of women in science and engineering groups leading to teams performing at less than optimal levels of productivity. This research finds that in order to accelerate scientific productivity it is important to not only increase gender diversity within the team but also in the context surrounding the teams – that is, in the departments and disciplines in which these teams are embedded. These findings are based on a three-year study of over 500 scientists and engineers across over a dozen disciplines.
Even more recently, Professor Joshi's work has identified specific work contexts in which the gap between men and women's performance and pay is likely to be most significant. Based on an in-depth analysis of management research conducted over three decades, this research shows that the gap between men and women's pay and promotions is fourteen times larger than the gap in performance. Moreover, the gap in rewards is most egregious in highly prestigious occupational settings, where women perform at equal levels but recieve significantly lower pay and promotions. Only in industries where women are well represented at senior executive levels are women able to close the gap in performance and in rewards.
Her forthcoming work will pursue these themes in specific settings such as the chief executives of large US-based firms and among female politicians.
Joshi, A., Son, J., & Roh, H.2014, "When can women close the gap? A meta-analytic test of sex differences in performance and rewards,", Academy of Management Journal, In Press,
Joshi, A. & Knight, A.2014, "Who defers to whom and why? Dual pathways linking demographic differences and dyadic deference to team effectiveness", Academy of Management Journal, in press,
Joshi, A.2014, "By whom and when is women's expertise recognized? The interactive effects of gender and education in science and engineering teams", Administrative Science Quarterly, 59, 202-239.
Gajendran, R,& Joshi,A.2013, "Inclusion and Identification in Virtual Teams: Does Leader-Member Virtual Communication Matter?", Journal of Applied Psychology, 97, 1252-1261.
Joshi, A., Dencker, J., & Franz, G.2011, "Generations in organizations", Research in Organizational Behavior, 31, 177-205.
Joshi, A., Dencker, J., Franz, G., & Martocchio. J.2010, "Unpacking generational identities in organizations", Academy of Management Review, 35, pp.392-414.
Joshi, A., & Roh., H.2009, "The role of context in work team diversity research: A meta-analytic review", Academy of Management Journal, 52, pp.599-628.
Joshi A., Lazarova., M., & Liao, H.2009, "Getting everyone on board: The role of inspirational leadership in geographically dispersed teams", Organization Science, 20, pp.240-252.
Liao, H., Chuang, A., Joshi., A.2008, "In the eye of the beholder: Understanding why people think they are different, and when perceived dissimilarity leads to turnover", Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 106, pp.106-124.
Joshi., A.2006, "The influence of organizational demography on the external networking behavior of teams", Academy of Management Review, 31, pp.583-597.
Joshi, A., Liao, H., & Jackson, S.E. 2006, "Cross-level effects of workplace diversity on sales performance and pay", Academy of Management Journal, 49, pp.459-481.
Liao, H., Joshi A., & Chuang, A. 2004, "Sticking out like a sore thumb: Employee dissimilarity and deviance", Personnel Psychology, 57, pp.969-1000.
Jackson, S.E. & Joshi A. 2004., "Diversity in social context: A multi-attribute, multi-level analysis of team diversity and performance in a sales organization.", Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25, pp.675-702.
Leonard, J., Levine, D., & Joshi A.2004, "Do birds of a feather shop together? The effects on performance of employees’ similarity with one another and with customers.", Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25, pp.731-754..
Jackson, S. E., Joshi, A., & Erhardt, N. L. 2003., "Recent research on team and organizational diversity: SWOT analysis and implications.", Journal of Management, 29, pp.801-830.
Gully, S., Incalcaterra, K., Joshi, A., & Beaubin, J. 2002., "A meta-analysis of team-efficacy, potency, and performance: Interdependence and level of analysis as moderators of observed relationships.", Journal of Applied Psychology, 87, pp.819-832.
Caligiuri, P., Hyland, M., Joshi A., & Bross, A. 1998., "Testing a theoretical model for examining the relationship between family adjustment and expatriates’ work adjustment.", Journal Applied Psychology, 83, pp.598-614.
Ph.D., Rutgers University, 2002
MS, Rutgers University, 1999